Basic Information

Basic Information :
Full Country Name       : The Arab Republic of Egypt
Area Land                    : 997,739 Sq. Km
Area Water                  : 6,000 sq km
Population                   : 76 million ( 2006 )
Capital City                  : Cairo (population - 16.7million)
Other Cities                 : Alexandria (6 million), Aswan, Asyut, Port Said,  Suez, Ismailia
People                         : Eastern Hamitic (Egyptians, Bedouins, and  Berbers) (99%); Greek, Nubian, Armenian, other                                     European (primarily Italian and French) (1%)
Languages                  : Arabic (official), English and French widely  Understood
Religion(s)                   : Muslim (mostly Sunni) (90%), Coptic Christian (9%) and other (1%)
Currency                      : 1 Egyptian Pound = 100 Piasters ISO Country Code  : eg
Actual Time                  : Local Time = UTC +2h  Daylight Saving Time (DST) 29 April  30 September (UTC +3)
Border                          : 2,665 km ( Palestine 11 km, Israel 266 km, Sudan 1,273 km, Libya 1,115 km).
Government                 : Republic
Head of State               : President Mohammed Hosni Mubarak  (since October 1981)
Prime Minister/Premier : Dr Ahmed Nazif (since July 2004).
National holiday           : July 23, Revolution Day (1952)..

Egypt is divided into 26 governorates, and the city of Luxor, which is classified as a city rather than a governorate. There will soon be 27 governorates, as the city of Luxor is becoming a governorate.
* Aswan
* Alexandria.
* Asyut
* Bani Swaif
* Behaira.
* Cairo ( Al Kahera ).
* Daqahliya.
* Domyat.
* Fayoum.
* Giza.
* Gharbia.
* Ismailia.
* Kafr El Shiekh.
* Luxor ( City ).
* Marsa Matrouh.
* Minya.
* Monofia.
* New Valley ( Al Wadi Al gadid ).
* North Sinai ( Shamal Sianaa).
* Port Said.
* Qina.
* Red Sea ( Al Bahr Al Ahmar ).
* South Sinai ( Ganoub Sainaa ).
* Suhag.
* Suez.
* Sharkia.
The climate in Egypt is generally very hot in summer, but with big differences between the northern parts and southern areas. Winter is generally warm. Average summer temperatures can be up to 41ºC in the south, but it average 5-10 oC less in the north. Average winter temperatures are between 13 oC in the north, and 21 oC in the south. Cairo, the capital, is in the middle of these two extremes.

Natural resources
Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc.

Agriculture products
Cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats.

Textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals.

Egypt is the centre of the Arab world, geographically, culturally and intellectually. It sits on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa, with Libya to the west, Sudan to the south and Israel and the Red Sea to the East. Egypt forms the only land bridge between Africa and the remainder of the Eastern Hemisphere and controls the Suez Canal, the shortest sea link between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. The climate is mainly dry but along the Mediterranean coast there are winter rains. Temperatures are comfortable in the winter but summer temperatures are very high. Gebel Katarina at 2642m is Egypt's highest point.

Ain Shams University  : The third Egyptian University, founded in 1950
Al-Azhar University   : Chief centre of Islamic and Arabic learning in the world,  founded 970
Cairo University   : Giza, Middle East's largest University, founded 1908
Egyptian Universities Network : The Egyptian Universities Network (EUN) acts as the Internet service provider since 1993.

The Egyptian currency is the pound, or "ghine" as it is called in Arabic, which is available in banknotes of 25 and 50 piasters (cents) and 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 pounds. Although coins also exist, they are hard to come by. Travellers cheques and credit cards are accepted by banks, international hotels, restaurants and shops. 

Egypt International Airports:
City, Location: Alexandria, El Nhouza Airport, IATA Airport code: ALY
City, Location: Aswan, Daraw Airport, IATA Airport code: ASW
City, Location: Cairo Int'l, IATA Airport code: CAI
City, Location: Hurghada Int'l, IATA Airport code: HRG
City, Location: Luxor, IATA Airport code: LXR
City, Location: Sharm El Sheikh, IATA Airport code: SSH.


Visa & Passports


General Regulations

Non-Egyptian visitors arriving in Egypt are required to be in possession of a minimum 6 months valid passport. Entry visas may be obtained from Egyptian Diplomatic and Consular Missions abroad or from the Entry Visa Department at the Travel Documents, Immigration and Nationality Administration (TDINA). It is, however, possible for most tourists and visitors to obtain an entry visa at any of the major ports of entry. Please check with the nearest Egyptian Consulate for specific details and regulations relevant to your nationality.

There are two types of Egyptian visa:

Tourist Visa: is usually valid for a period of 30 days and granted on either single or multiple entry basis.

Entry Visa: is required for any foreigner arriving in Egypt for purposes other than tourism, (e.g. work, study, etc); the possession of a valid Entry Visa is needed to complete the residence procedure in Egypt. 

Nationalities that need pre-arrival-visa

Most European citizens can purchase an entry or tourist visa upon arrival in Egypt. Citizens of the following countries though are required to be in possession of a pre-arrival visa:

All African countries
Bosnia and Herzegovina                     
Chechnya                                                  Croatia

Serbia and Montenegro                                                                  
Uzbekistan                                                                           Palestine                                                                                                    Sri Lanka

Visitors to Egypt require an entry visa which may be obtained in person in 24 hours, or by post (which however make take up to two weeks) from an Egyptian Consulate. Visas are also obtainable on arrival in the country.

Tourists must be in possession of an international passport which is valid for at least six months.


Children must be in their parents' passport or being in possession of their own passport or identity card valid for travel abroad.

If the child is more than 10 years old, a recent picture must be on parents' passport. Children more than 11.99 years old cannot be in parent's passport and need a personal passport.


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